Insulation solutions for hydrogen applications

Maximum efficiency ι Effective protection

ELECTROLYSIS. tmax high-temperature insulations ensure that fuel cell systems (SOEC) for hydrogen production and temperature-sensitive components are protected from heat radiation.

ELECTROLYSIS. tmax high-temperature insulations ensure that fuel cell systems (SOEC) for hydrogen production and temperature-sensitive components are protected from heat radiation.

HYDROGEN ENGINES. Thermal insulation of the manifold and turbocharger of hydrogen engines (HICE) minimizes energy losses in the exhaust system and increases efficiency.

HYDROGEN ENGINES. Thermal insulation of the manifold and turbocharger of hydrogen engines (HICE) minimizes energy losses in the exhaust system and increases efficiency.

FUEL CELL HEATING SYSTEMS. Thermal insulation from tmax reliably protects fuel cell systems and surrounding components from heat.

FUEL CELL HEATING SYSTEMS. Thermal insulation from tmax reliably protects fuel cell systems and surrounding components from heat.

 HYDROGEN DRIVES & FUEL CELL SYSTEMS (SOFC). With the high-temperature insulations from tmax, the fuel cells are thermally insulated, resulting in the safe control of the high temperatures.

HYDROGEN DRIVES & FUEL CELL SYSTEMS (SOFC). With the high-temperature insulations from tmax, the fuel cells are thermally insulated, resulting in the safe control of the high temperatures.

Hydrogen is considered the energy carrier of the future. With its climate-friendly production, it helps to significantly reduce CO2 emissions, particularly in such areas as industry and transport that can’t be fully decarbonized via energy efficiency and the direct use of renewable electricity. Green hydrogen and its derivatives offer great potential for the path towards a climate-neutral energy supply and play a decisive role in achieving the climate targets specified in the Climate Protection Program 2030 and the European Green Deal for 2045.

Myriad applications

Hydrogen can be used in many ways. It’s suitable for applications in energy generation (electricity and heat), in industry or mobility. 

 Energy generation 

Hydrogen offers many possible applications in centralized and decentralized energy generation. 

In stationary use, fuel cells are usually operated as combined heat and power systems to generate electricity and heat. These in turn are used in the supply of private households, industry, commerce, municipalities or on-board supplies.  

Fuel cells are also highly efficient energy providers when it comes to emergency power supplies. In these cases, hydrogen can replace diesel and thus decarbonize this process as well. 

In the future, hydrogen will play an important role as a long-term storage medium for renewable energies, which it can easily store and transport. This lets us provide sufficient electricity even when photovoltaic plants and wind turbines are unable to supply it at the moment. The surplus energy from solar systems and wind turbines that is generated during prolonged sunshine and in strong winds could be used to produce hydrogen. Then the electrical energy would become chemical energy, which can be stored and transported as a gas or a liquid. Unlike a battery that discharges steadily over time, hydrogen can store energy over the long term without much loss. Energy from renewable sources remains usable and can be utilized at any time.  

 Industry 

Hydrogen is primarily used as a raw material in the chemical industry, oil refineries, steel production and in the manufacture of synthetic fuels. Hydrogen is expected to replace coal and natural gas in the future, thus helping to decarbonize energy-intensive industrial processes that can’t be electrified, such as steel or ammonia production. Large-scale industrial buyers could produce it for their own use near their manufacturing plants, which would minimize the effort required to convert it for transportation. 

 Mobility 

When used in fuel cells, hydrogen engines or as a basis for synthetic fuels, hydrogen can promote mobility and significantly reduce CO2 emissions. 

In the mobility sector, hydrogen can be used in fuel cells that generate electricity to power electric motors. It can serve as a fuel for hydrogen engines and can be processed into synthetic fuels for use in combustion engines.

Hydrogen drives are an expedient alternative to purely electric drives, especially for heavy-duty and long-distance transport, in shipping or aviation, since rechargeable batteries are unable to cover these high energy requirements in the medium term.

Hydrogen could also reduce emissions by replacing the use of diesel in trains and heavy oil on ships. 

tmax innovative solutions for sophisticated hydrogen applications

All along the value chain from the production and transport to the use of hydrogen, the various processes and applications give rise to technical and temperature-related challenges. This is exactly where the thermal insulation from tmax comes in. 

It helps maintain the system’s temperature, which has two main positive effects. For one, it minimizes heat losses, thus increasing the efficiency e.g. of hydrogen engines; for another, it prevents thermal radiation, thus protecting e.g. high-quality fuel cell systems and temperature-sensitive surrounding components from heat.

 Maximum efficiency for hydrogen combustion engines

A hydrogen engine is a combustion engine that uses hydrogen as a fuel. It converts chemical energy into mechanical work and heat. Compared to diesel engines, the exhaust gas temperature of hydrogen engines is lower, which has a negative impact on efficiency. Particularly in the lower rotational speed range, the low exhaust enthalpy has a detrimental effect on the charging process and therefore on the engine dynamics.  

Insulating the manifold and turbocharger minimizes energy losses in the exhaust system. The temperature in the system is maintained and helps to make charging and combustion more efficient. This increases the efficiency of a hydrogen combustion engine. 

 Effective protection for fuel cell systems 

When they are used in areas such as ships, in trains, on long-distance buses or trucks as part of the propulsion system or in combined heat and power systems to generate heat and electricity in buildings and industry, or in plants for the production of hydrogen, fuel cells operate in a high-temperature range from 650 °C to 1000 °C. The heat generated in this process can damage temperature-sensitive components and systems and impair their functionality. 

With the high-temperature insulations from tmax, the fuel cells are thermally insulated, resulting in the safe control of the high temperatures. The fuel cell system and surrounding components are thus protected from heat radiation, which in turn ensures their functionality and increases their service life.  

Regardless of which hydrogen application you are developing, marketing or using, we will help you get a handle on high temperatures. Using our thermal insulation solutions offers you the following advantages:

ι increased efficiency in hydrogen combustion engines

ι effective protection of fuel cells

ι efficient heat protection for surrounding components

ι higher service life of systems and components

ι reduction of CO2 emissions

Let's tackle your hydrogen project together! Contact our experts at tbrain@tmaxgroup.com

 

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